Did you know:

  • In Australia, prostate cancer is the most commonly diagnosed cancer in men.
  • More than 3,000 men die of prostate cancer in Australia every year.
  • More men die of prostate cancer than women die of breast cancer.

Prostate2What is the prostate?

  • Only men have a prostate. It is a small gland that sits below the bladder near the rectum. It surrounds the urethra, the passage in the penis through which urine and semen pass.
  • The prostate gland is part of the male reproductive system. It produces most of the fluid that makes up semen that enriches sperm. The prostate needs the male hormone testosterone to grow and develop.

What are the symptoms?

In the early stages, there may be no symptoms. In the later stages, some symptoms of prostate cancer might include:

  • Feeling the frequent or sudden need to urinate
  • Finding it difficult to urinate (for example, trouble starting or not being able to urinate when the feeling is there or poor urine flow)
  • Discomfort when urinating
  • Finding blood in urine or semen
  • Pain in the lower back, upper thighs or hips.

These symptoms may not mean you have prostate cancer, but if you experience any of them, go and see your doctor.

How is prostate cancer detected and diagnosed?

To check the health of the prostate, a doctor will usually do a:

  • Blood test (Prostate Specific Antigen (PSA) test)
  • Digital Rectal Examination (DRE)

AusCham’s Medical Members who can do tests:

Further information



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