The Corruption Perceptions Index 2013 (CPI 2013) was publicly released by Transparency International (TI) today, 3rd December 2013. It ranks 177 countries and territories based on the perceptions of corruption in the public
This year, Vietnam ranks 116 out of 177 countries and territories with a score of 31/100 (of which 0 means a country is perceived as highly corrupt and 100 as very clean). The level of corruption in Vietnam’s public sector continues to be perceived as serious. Compared to 2012, Vietnam’s score shows no improvement, reflecting a perception that anti-corruption efforts are stagnating and not effective. This finding echoes similar assessments by the Vietnamese leadership as well as businesses’ and citizens’ perceptions and experiences. Among ASEAN countries, Vietnam ranks 7th, behind Singapore, Brunei, Malaysia, the Philippines, Thailand and Indonesia. In the region, Brunei, Laos and Myanmar have registered strong improvements in their score in the last year.
Transparency (TT) – TI’s National Contact in Vietnam recognises the existing
resolve of the Communist Party, National Assembly and Government of Vietnam to
address corruption. TT in particular welcomes the increased attention by
policymakers and private sector stakeholders to the role of business in tackling
corruption, reflected in the discussions during the 12th
Anti-corruption Dialogue (ACD).
However, for concrete improvements in practice, there is an urgent need to step up enforcement of existing laws and involve actors across society more effectively. Citizens, businesses and the media in particular need to be able to play a more active role in resisting and reporting corruption.
Citizen and media participation are critical to achieving real results in curbing corruption. For people to reject and report wrongdoing, public trust in the effectiveness of anti-corruption efforts needs to be restored. In particular, it is necessary to encourage and protect those who report corruption. Concrete results in reducing bribery need to be shown where people report persistent concerns, such as in the health and education sectors. Dissuasive sanctions need to be applied in a fair and transparent manner to those abusing their position and those paying bribes to gain unfair advantages.
For Vietnam as an emerging economy, developing a sustainable domestic business sector and attracting foreign investment are critical. Reducing the risk and sanctioning concrete instances of corruption are key to achieving these goals, particularly in sectors such as customs, tax, and land administration and in public procurement. Integrity in business must be incentivised through consistent enforcement of existing regulations and completion of the legal framework to address business-related risks. This includes the criminalisation of private-to-private and foreign bribery, corporate liability for corruption and effective whistleblower protection in the private sector. Government and business associations should support collective action efforts against bribery from within the business sector. Businesses themselves should work to establish and communicate strong corporate systems to prevent the risks of involvement in corruption.
Strengthening the contributions of business, citizens and the media to improve the effectiveness of anti-corruption efforts, in practice, will require increased transparency across the public sector, reduced discretion and clear accountability for abuses of position. Secure, well-functioning complaints and redress mechanisms will enable citizens and businesses to safely reject corruption and to provide an effective check on misconduct.
The CPI 2013 is calculated based on a scale of 0-100. For Vietnam, 8 data sources from independent international surveys provide the basis for national results.
Following an update of the methodology in 2012, scores of the 2013 survey can for the first time be compared to the previous year’s results. This provides an opportunity for countries, including Vietnam, to use the CPI 2012 score as a baseline reference to assess mprovements in perceptions of corruption in the public sector in 2013 and the coming years.
Please visit www.towardstransparency.vn/cpi for
more information about:
1.CPI 2013 Press Release
2. CPI 2013 FAQs
3. CPI 2013 Country Index
4. CPI 2013 Asia-Pacific Index
Transparency International’s (TI) National Contact in Vietnam
Floor 12B, Machinco Building, 444 Hoang Hoa Tham, Tay Ho, Hanoi
Tel: +84 4 3715 3532
Fax: +84 4 3715 3443